What is Abstract Art?
What is Abstract Art? To most, abstract art may hold the concept of ambiguity, but this type of art has more to it than meets the eye, literally. Simply speaking, the word “abstract” means to separate or withdraw something from something else. With that said, abstract art does not aim to portray a depiction of reality in a precise manner, instead, artists would utilize forms, shapes, lines, colors, and gestural marks to create the abstract effect for us to behold.
Some may use the term concrete art or non-objective art, which describe arts with no source at all in external visual reality, however, the word abstract is frequently used across the board, and the distinction between the two is not always evident.
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When does Abstract Art begin?
Abstract art history and its movement can be dated back to the late 19th century, which is when the new developments and fundamental changes in the fields of technology, science, and philosophy began. Along with the growing feelings of cynicism and disillusionment that followed World War I. Thus, creating inspiration to numerous artists to create new art forms that would represent all the new and rapid changes during the time.
Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian painter, is often credited by art historians as the pioneer artist to truly embrace completely abstract compositions. He painted renderings of floating, representational forms as early as 1912, and brought abstraction to America during the Armory Show in 1913. Other renowned abstract artists include Piet Mondrian, Mark Rothko, Helen Frankenthaler, and Zao Wou-Ki.
By the 20th century, many artists began to approach abstract art using their own thoughts and imagination as ideas to paint, instead of representing real objects or real-world visuals.
Different Types of Abstract Arts
Today, we can see many different forms of abstract art. Some may be easy to understand, some may have vibrant colors, and some might even be telling a story. Types of abstract art include:
It is one of the first abstract art movements to come into prominence during the 20th century. Expressionism often possesses intense colors and non-naturalistic brushwork to create bold and sometimes mystical abstract art pieces. It was made famous by artists such as Marc Chagall, Paul Klee, and the aforementioned, Wassily Kandinsky.
Cubism & Fauvism
Cubism and Fauvism were two 20th century art movements that had a mighty influence on other forms of abstract art. Cubism creates a depiction of the world through geometric and fragmented shapes. Famous cubist artists are Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.
On the other hand, Fauvism has the characteristic of strong brushwork, separate applications of non-naturalistic colors, with forms delineated in a simplified and abstract manner. It is also primary associated with scientific color theories in the 19th century.
Both art forms may be different, but both would present the world in a distorted or fragmented way, which was a revolutionary approach in representing reality during that time.
Neoplasticism is a Dutch art movement built shortly after the start of World War I. Pioneered by Piet Mondrian, Neoplasticism explicitly illustrates the human mind through the pure use of geometric forms and primary colors.
Abstract Expressionism started following the event of World War II. This abstract art style is distinguishable by its strong, thick, and gestural brushstrokes and active mark-making. It would also fall under two groups of painters: action painters such as Jackson Pollock and Joan Mitchell, and color field painters like Mark Rothko and Clyfford Still.
Why Collect Abstract Arts?
Abstract Arts holds a timeless and infinite appeal. It would make a great collection for those that appreciate the different ideas and representations of reality. Not to mention, abstract works are great alternatives to figurative and more representational pieces that may directly allude to a specific narrative. Thus it creates versatility of interpretation and can be meaningful, yet imaginative to behold.
333Art.Gallery has various abstract arts from talented artists all over Thailand for you to discover their beauties. Choose your favorite abstract painting now.